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四川大学以“四个注重”为抓手 深入推进创新创业教育改革提质升级

2022-06-10 来源:教育部

教育部(bu)简(jian)报〔2022〕第18期

  四川大(da)学(xue)深入学(xue)习贯彻习近平总书记(ji)关(guan)于教育(yu)(yu)的重(zhong)要(yao)论述特(te)别(bie)是给第三届中国“互(hu)联网+”大(da)学(xue)生(sheng)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)赛“青年(nian)红(hong)色(se)筑梦(meng)之旅”大(da)学(xue)生(sheng)的重(zhong)要(yao)回信精(jing)神,落实立德树(shu)人根(gen)本任务,坚持创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)引领创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)、创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)带动就业(ye)(ye)(ye),以“四个注重(zhong)”为抓(zhua)手,深入推进(jin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)教育(yu)(yu)改革(ge),着(zhe)力(li)(li)开拓创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)教育(yu)(yu)高质量升(sheng)级发展新(xin)(xin)路径,不断提升(sheng)学(xue)生(sheng)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)能力(li)(li)、增强创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)活力(li)(li),努力(li)(li)造就大(da)众创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)、万(wan)众创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)生(sheng)力(li)(li)军。

  注重结对共建,校企合作从“主动脉驱动”向“毛细管渗透”转型。面向企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)双创(chuang)示范(fan)基(ji)(ji)(ji)地(di)发布(bu)“牵(qian)手”合(he)(he)作清单(dan),拓宽合(he)(he)作形式,与10家行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)重点(dian)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结对,通过互(hu)聘导师(shi)、联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)开课(ke)(ke)(ke),共(gong)建(jian)(jian)研发基(ji)(ji)(ji)地(di)、成果(guo)转化(hua)(hua)中心、学(xue)生(sheng)实(shi)(shi)(shi)践基(ji)(ji)(ji)地(di),合(he)(he)作举办双创(chuang)赛事(shi)、孵(fu)化(hua)(hua)项(xiang)目等(deng)(deng),推动(dong)(dong)校企(qi)合(he)(he)作由(you)“主动(dong)(dong)脉驱(qu)动(dong)(dong)”向“毛(mao)细管渗透”转型,落实(shi)(shi)(shi)到教(jiao)学(xue)科(ke)研和企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)务等(deng)(deng)各项(xiang)具体工作中。2021年以来(lai),开展(zhan)创(chuang)新创(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)培训、路演、项(xiang)目对接等(deng)(deng)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)82场(chang),学(xue)生(sheng)创(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)项(xiang)目活(huo)动(dong)(dong)724项(xiang)次,组(zu)织(zhi)165名企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)家和投资咨询专家对600余个创(chuang)新创(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)团队开展(zhan)培训辅导。加(jia)(jia)强协同育(yu)(yu)人基(ji)(ji)(ji)地(di)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she),新建(jian)(jian)优质实(shi)(shi)(shi)习基(ji)(ji)(ji)地(di)30个,打造(zao)(zao)三星堆遗址等(deng)(deng)省级实(shi)(shi)(shi)践教(jiao)育(yu)(yu)基(ji)(ji)(ji)地(di)10个。建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)四(si)川大(da)学(xue)—华为(wei)“智能基(ji)(ji)(ji)座(zuo)”产教(jiao)融合(he)(he)协同育(yu)(yu)人基(ji)(ji)(ji)地(di),在产业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)核心领域联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)开发课(ke)(ke)(ke)程33门(men),覆盖在校学(xue)生(sheng)2000余人次。通过加(jia)(jia)大(da)经费投入(ru)、仪器设(she)(she)备捐赠、技(ji)术(shu)转化(hua)(hua)及产品(pin)联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)研发、学(xue)生(sheng)联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)培养、人员联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)培训等(deng)(deng)合(he)(he)作模(mo)式,与企(qi)事(shi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)单(dan)位共(gong)建(jian)(jian)共(gong)享实(shi)(shi)(shi)验(yan)室25个。实(shi)(shi)(shi)施“社会实(shi)(shi)(shi)践金课(ke)(ke)(ke)培育(yu)(yu)计划”,聘请校外创(chuang)新创(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)导师(shi)联(lian)(lian)(lian)合(he)(he)打造(zao)(zao)社会实(shi)(shi)(shi)践金课(ke)(ke)(ke)8门(men),开设(she)(she)《创(chuang)造(zao)(zao)性思维》等(deng)(deng)双创(chuang)课(ke)(ke)(ke)程61门(men)。

  注重项目孵化,发榜揭榜从“尝新式探索”向“主业态推进”转型。将“企业(ye)(ye)命题(ti)(ti)、高(gao)校揭榜”融(rong)入(ru)大(da)(da)学(xue)生创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)训(xun)(xun)练(lian)计划(hua),增(zeng)设企业(ye)(ye)命题(ti)(ti)组(zu),引进产业(ye)(ye)资源(yuan)融(rong)入(ru)人(ren)才培养,引导师(shi)(shi)生“应需研(yan)发”,鼓励师(shi)(shi)生团(tuan)队积极申(shen)报。2021年(nian)(nian),累计54家企业(ye)(ye)设置命题(ti)(ti)128个(ge),吸(xi)引48个(ge)团(tuan)队申(shen)报,遴选(xuan)13个(ge)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目立(li)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang);2022年(nian)(nian)联合(he)(he)企业(ye)(ye)出资1000万元,面向师(shi)(shi)生发布大(da)(da)学(xue)生创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)训(xun)(xun)练(lian)计划(hua)命题(ti)(ti)71项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),20个(ge)师(shi)(shi)生团(tuan)队成功入(ru)选(xuan);与数字文(wen)创(chuang)(chuang)孵化(hua)器企业(ye)(ye)联合(he)(he)召(zhao)开(kai)“揭榜挂帅(shuai)”发布会,8个(ge)文(wen)创(chuang)(chuang)类创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目成功入(ru)选(xuan);与结(jie)对企业(ye)(ye)示范基地(di)联合(he)(he)研(yan)发合(he)(he)作项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目169项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),合(he)(he)同(tong)金额达1.2亿元。依托校企联合(he)(he)研(yan)发平(ping)台与项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目,线(xian)上(shang)(shang)线(xian)下多渠道针(zhen)对企业(ye)(ye)需求(qiu)定制命题(ti)(ti),截(jie)至2022年(nian)(nian)1月(yue),已(yi)有20个(ge)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目成功立(li)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),立(li)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)数量较上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)同(tong)期提高(gao)54%,经(jing)费增(zeng)加48%。每年(nian)(nian)支持大(da)(da)学(xue)生创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)训(xun)(xun)练(lian)计划(hua)1600余项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),学(xue)生荣获省(sheng)级及以上(shang)(shang)相关竞赛奖(jiang)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)2421项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),其中全(quan)国一等奖(jiang)及以上(shang)(shang)奖(jiang)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)76项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)。

  注重活动组织,产创融合从“场景化营造”向“精准化对接”转型。以中国国际“互联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)+”大(da)(da)学(xue)(xue)(xue)生创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)(da)赛为(wei)牵引,实施“金(jin)牌双(shuang)(shuang)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)发现计划(hua)”,组织企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)专(zhuan)家与(yu)(yu)高(gao)校(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)师(shi)生高(gao)频、深度、多样(yang)化(hua)互动(dong),协同(tong)推(tui)(tui)动(dong)双(shuang)(shuang)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)孵化(hua)落地。开展(zhan)(zhan)“碰创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)”路演(yan)、“不服来辩”复活(huo)(huo)赛、直聘CEO等(deng)双(shuang)(shuang)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)系列活(huo)(huo)动(dong),在(zai)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)集训营组建(jian)6个(ge)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)类班(ban)级,助(zhu)力学(xue)(xue)(xue)生双(shuang)(shuang)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)能力提升。建(jian)强校(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)外创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)导师(shi)队伍,建(jian)立专(zhuan)门渠(qu)道并及时(shi)跟进(jin),推(tui)(tui)动(dong)导师(shi)与(yu)(yu)学(xue)(xue)(xue)生团(tuan)队深度对接。研(yan)制《大(da)(da)学(xue)(xue)(xue)生创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)成熟(shu)度量表(biao)》,强化(hua)初创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)科学(xue)(xue)(xue)化(hua)评价(jia),着(zhe)力推(tui)(tui)进(jin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)与(yu)(yu)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发展(zhan)(zhan)精(jing)准匹配。联(lian)(lian)合相(xiang)关企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)举办(ban)“1+N”校(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)企(qi)融通(tong)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)专(zhuan)场活(huo)(huo)动(dong),共建(jian)“双(shuang)(shuang)碳(tan)”新(xin)(xin)(xin)平(ping)台,发布校(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)企(qi)融通(tong)合作项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)和“揭榜(bang)挂帅”开放(fang)基金(jin)资助(zhu)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu),30个(ge)校(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)企(qi)双(shuang)(shuang)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)“双(shuang)(shuang)碳(tan)”项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)同(tong)台展(zhan)(zhan)示;组织“互联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)+”创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)竞赛、举办(ban)双(shuang)(shuang)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)“校(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)企(qi)行(xing)”专(zhuan)场活(huo)(huo)动(dong),6支科创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)团(tuan)队与(yu)(yu)9家投资机构线(xian)上对接。积极融入成渝地区(qu)双(shuang)(shuang)城经(jing)济圈(quan)建(jian)设,与(yu)(yu)区(qu)域双(shuang)(shuang)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)示范基地携手举办(ban)成渝地区(qu)双(shuang)(shuang)城经(jing)济圈(quan)物联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)供需对接会,现场达成合作意向项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)20个(ge)。推(tui)(tui)荐科创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)参加成都“蓉漂杯”创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)(da)赛,推(tui)(tui)动(dong)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)成功落地生物医药(yao)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)功能区(qu)。在(zai)第七(qi)届(jie)中国国际“互联(lian)(lian)网(wang)(wang)+”大(da)(da)学(xue)(xue)(xue)生创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)(da)赛中,学(xue)(xue)(xue)校(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)斩(zhan)获6金(jin)、2银(yin)、5铜的成绩,19个(ge)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)成立公司,并入驻国家级科技(ji)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)孵化(hua)器(qi)。

  注重岗位供给,创业就业从“跟进式服务”向“主动型带动”转型。持续完善“以创(chuang)(chuang)促就(jiu)”工作机制,开拓挖掘就(jiu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)岗位。积(ji)极(ji)邀(yao)请(qing)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)进(jin)(jin)校(xiao)招聘(pin)(pin),2021年以来举办现场宣讲和空中(zhong)宣讲60余场,及时发布(bu)线上(shang)招聘(pin)(pin)信息,累计覆盖学(xue)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)4万余人次(ci)。联合(he)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)申请(qing)供需(xu)对接就(jiu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)育人项(xiang)目,探索校(xiao)企(qi)(qi)在(zai)实习就(jiu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)领域(yu)深度(du)合(he)作。实施(shi)短期(qi)助理聘(pin)(pin)用(yong)制度(du),每(mei)年聘(pin)(pin)用(yong)250余名短期(qi)科(ke)研助理参与创(chuang)(chuang)新研发和管理。通过(guo)大(da)学(xue)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)创(chuang)(chuang)新训(xun)练计划(hua)、竞赛培(pei)训(xun)、发放“创(chuang)(chuang)新券”、减免工位费等(deng)方式,支持双创(chuang)(chuang)团队(dui)4400余个,对初创(chuang)(chuang)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)精准帮扶。发挥大(da)学(xue)科(ke)技园(yuan)作用(yong),引导入(ru)驻大(da)学(xue)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)项(xiang)目吸(xi)纳应(ying)届毕业(ye)(ye)(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)就(jiu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)、在(zai)校(xiao)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)实习。成立(li)扶贫帮困(kun)创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)平台“融(rong)乐坊(fang)”,为身体残疾、家庭经济困(kun)难等(deng)特(te)殊群体学(xue)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)提(ti)供就(jiu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)支持,助力(li)学(xue)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)提(ti)升就(jiu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)(chuang)业(ye)(ye)(ye)竞争(zheng)力(li),努力(li)推动毕业(ye)(ye)(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)更(geng)加充分更(geng)高(gao)质量就(jiu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)。

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